The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic and famous landmarks in the world. It is located in Agra, a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
- Architectural Masterpiece: The Taj Mahal is a stunning white marble mausoleum, widely regarded as a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings ever constructed.
- Built by Shah Jahan: The Taj Mahal was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died during childbirth in 1631. The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and was completed in 1648. It took approximately 22 years to build.
- Design and Architecture: The monument features a symmetrical layout with a central white marble dome and four minarets. The Taj Mahal's architectural elements include intricate inlay work, calligraphy, and decorative details. The building's design is a blend of Persian, Islamic, and Indian architectural styles.
- Mausoleum and Mosque: The main structure is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, and beside it is a nearly identical tomb containing the mortal remains of Shah Jahan himself. The complex also includes a mosque and a guest house.
- Gardens: The Taj Mahal is surrounded by beautiful, well-maintained gardens, which are designed in the Persian "charbagh" style, featuring a quadrilateral layout with a reflecting pool in the center.
- Marble Inlay: The Taj Mahal is famous for its exquisite marble inlay work. Precious and semi-precious stones are embedded in the white marble to create intricate patterns and calligraphy. The designs include verses from the Quran and intricate floral motifs.
- UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 1983, the Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognizing its cultural and historical significance.
- Tourist Attraction: The Taj Mahal is one of India's most visited tourist destinations and is known worldwide for its beauty and historical significance. It attracts millions of visitors from all over the globe.
- Cultural Symbol: The Taj Mahal is not only an architectural marvel but also a symbol of love. It represents the profound love that Shah Jahan had for Mumtaz Mahal.
- Conservation Efforts: Over the years, efforts have been made to preserve and protect the Taj Mahal from environmental pollution and other factors that could harm its pristine white marble. Measures have been taken to reduce air pollution in the vicinity to protect the monument.